History and genealogy of the noble families: Konstantynowicz / Kanstantinovich / Constantinowitz / Konstantinovich Von Gernet (Gern), Croy (Krey), Weiss, Toll, Rehbinder / Rebinder, Steinberg - the Baltic German nobility from Estland / Estonia, Livland / Latvia and St Petersburg in Russia of the 19th century.
Tallinn/ Reval, Nomme, Harku, Saku, ksnurme, Lehhola / Lehola, Vaikna, Parnu / Parnawa, Dorpat / Tartu and Viljandi / Fellin in Estonia. August 1931 to May 1935, Artuzov was the head of OGPU foreign intelligence / INO.
01 April 1866 in Tbilisi died 1933, Nice, France: Chief of the Commercial navigation and ports (1902-1905), during the First World war was in charge of the aviation in the army: paid much attention to the development of aviation industry in Russia, on his initiative, established flight schools, began preparing the first national flight training and 1914 appointed head of the organization of aviation business in the armies. Receiving education at home in Georgia, often went for long voyages:made a voyage round the world on the corvette 'Rynda' and in 1890 - 91, at his own yacht 'Tamara' traveled to India, described in his journals. Schilder on collecting materials on the reign of Alexander I. In 1917, Ernst Constantin Fetterlein fled to Western Europe with his wife on board a Swedish ship. Andres Kalmus was a highly competent technical expert in radio intelligence, while Olev un was a talented Estonian cryptanalyst". 1905, was a Swedish mathematician and professor of mathematics at Uppsala University. In the summer of 1940 he single-handedly deciphered and reverse-engineered an early version of the Siemens and Halske T52 also known as the Geheimfernschreiber (secret teletypewriter) used by Nazi Germany in World War II for sending ciphered messages ...
In 1892 he commanded the destroyer 'Revel', in 1895, was a senior officer of a battleship and in 1899, on the battleship 'Admiral Apraksin', then transferred to the Black Sea Fleet, where he commanded the battleship 'Rostislav'. He contacted the British and French intelligence services and on 9 March 1918 a letter to the Director of Naval Intelligence, Rear-Admiral Reginald Hall, the British naval attache in Helsingfors / Helsinki, from Captain W. Cromie in Petrograd, described Fetterlein as 'a cipher clerk in the Russian Foreign Office for twenty-five years' who came 'highly recommended'. Sinel'nikov, 'Codes and Russian revolutionaries': By the beginning of the World War I Russia had the strongest in the world decryption service, and some of its employees as a result of all the troubles were after October 1917 in the Entente countries. A note on the Gernet family from Estland / Estonia: Son of above Karl Johann Gernet: Karl Jakob Rudolf von Gernet 1826 died April 20, 1912 in Hapsal / Haapsalu, Estonia. Above Carl's / Karl's children: Frederick Gernet b. Beurling's great - grandfather was Per Henric Beurling b.
or they worked as engineers in different corners of former Russia since second half of the 19th century. 1830 - 1st married with Filipp Platkowski son ofsouth - west of Kostiukovichi and south of Krzyczzew, now the Moghilev oblast but Kostiukovichi belonged to Vladimir Tichonowiecki and his family 1799 to 1917; Kirill was owner also Kulgajevka / Kulgaevka in Klimovichi county, a house in Kostiukovichi 1783, inf. Bonch-Bruevich on July 7, 1920 because of a month's holiday and travels to Kulgaevka / Kulgajewka village in the Klimovichi county, Moghilev / Mogilev province, when the Red Army went on the general offensive - begun on July 4, 1920 - against Poland. Vladimir Bonch - Bruevich had got a cabin in autonomous Finland and Lenin had hiding place there when Zinoviev claimed that Lenin had discussed the question of the take-over in the Tauridian Palace on the 3rd (16th) of July 1917. Petersburg, like Emmanuel's closest technical advisor See: Smith, Francis O. in Portland; Shannon, A Mathematical Theory of Communication. in 1948; Damm Arvid G., Aktiebolaget Cryptograph, ed.
but not 1869, for example, son: Piotr Trubecki / Piotr Nikolaievitch Trubetzkoy b. on him 1805 in the Klimovichi courtwas publisher and one of Lenin's closet associates. This was incorrect, since Lenin was in Bonch-Bruyevich's villa in Finland then, and returned only on the 4th (17th) of July 1917, acc. 1922; Crypto AG is a Swiss company specialising in communications and information security. Crypto AG was established in Bern by Russian-born Swede, Boris Hagelin. It was the first of a long line of mechanical cipher machines.
The Duflon and Konstantinovich Company 1892 - 1918 in tsarist Russia. Above named Anna Bagration-Gruzinskaja of Mukhrani born 1753, died in Moscow, February of 1812, married Alexander Petrovich Dadiani b. 1843, his parents: Count Christian Louis Casimir of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Ludwigsburg and his first wife Countess Amalie Ludowika Finck von Finckenstein. He was married two times: to Amalie Ludowika Finck von Finckenstein and to Anna Petrovna Dolgorukova. 04 November 1854 died 7 September 1936; 5 October 1858 was born Pietr Nikolajevich Trubeckoj and b.to: Mikhail Heller and Alexander Nekrich, 'Utopia in Power', London 1986, p. Lenin had hiding place there in period July - October 10th, 1917 , edition of 19, p. Originally called AB Cryptoteknik and founded by Arvid Gerhard Damm in Stockholm in 1920, the firm manufactured the C-36 mechanical cryptograph machine that Damm had patented. Cryptoteknik came under the control of Boris Hagelin, an early investor (1921, Boris Hagelin developed his first cipher machine whilst working for crypto-company Damm in Sweden; 1935 he produced a fully mechanical machine under his own brand name A. Shortly before WWII, he developed the M-209 for the American Army.57 - 58: he was known to sphere of Petersburg high society, Polish "old nobleman", secret chieftain of socialists; he concealed of Trocki - Bronstein in Petersburg A. 1905 and also directed Chrustalow - Nosar or Chrustalov - Nosari in 1905. After the war the company moved to Switzerland where they traded as Hagelin Cryptos. to: and during the War essentially operated in the United States ...At this time the Red Army was already a huge and powerful body but after October, 1917, Bolsheviks faced with many difficulties, including the collapse of the army. 15, No 9, A chronicle of cryptography: In 1918, the German inventor Arthur Scherbius and his close friend Richard Ritter developed a cryptographic machine called Enigma. Enigma was contained in a compact box measuring only 13,5 - 11 - 6 inches. By Wayne Madsen, Covert Action Quarterly 63, : "...Therefore, reorganizing the old army, they left in the War Department that is the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs - - collaborated with the military organization of the Petersburg bolshevik Committee. Encryption using Enigma was based on polyalphabetic substitution method. For decades, the US has routinely intercepted and deciphered top secret encrypted messages of 120 countries. See: General Cartier, Francois, Secrecy in Radiotelegraphy.