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The certificate describes the inhabitants as homines manentes apud Amestelledamme (people residing near Amestelledamme).Amsterdam is much younger than Dutch cities such as Nijmegen, Rotterdam, and Utrecht.The Miracle devotion went underground but was kept alive.In the 19th century, especially after the jubilee of 1845, the devotion was revitalized and became an important national point of reference for Dutch Catholics.Amsterdam was Europe's most important point for the shipment of goods and was the leading Financial centre of the western world.

In the 19th and 20th centuries the city expanded, and many new neighborhoods and suburbs were planned and built.The earliest recorded use of that name is in a document dated October 27, 1275, which exempted inhabitants of the village from paying bridge tolls to Count Floris V.This allowed the inhabitants of the village of Aemstelredamme to travel freely through the County of Holland, paying no tolls at bridges, locks and dams.Strongly pushed by Dutch Revolt leader William the Silent, the Dutch Republic became known for its relative religious tolerance.Jews from the Iberian Peninsula, Huguenots from France, prosperous merchants and printers from Flanders, and economic and religious refugees from the Spanish-controlled parts of the Low Countries found safety in Amsterdam.